neljapäev, 20. detsember 2007

2007: 5 innovaatilist lahendust mis muudavad maailma

Aasta lõpp toob traditsiooniliselt erinevaid kokkuvõtteid ja tulevikku vaatamisi ka teaduse ja innovatsioonimaailmas. Nii näiteks avalikustas sel esmaspäeval IBM oma järjekorras teise iga-aastase tulevikuvaate "Next Five in Five", milles võtab kokku 104 maailma maa 150 000 inimese panusel baseeruva „think tank“i. Nagu ka eelmisel aastal, sisaldab nimetatu IBM’i hinnangul viimase aja tehnoloogiavaldkonna 5 olulisimat innovatilist lahendust, mis lähimal viiel aastal me elu mõjutama hakkavad.

Mida siis IBM meie tulevikus näeb?

1. Kaugtervishoid

Wireless innovations coupled with the ability to securely capture sensitive medical data have the potential to allow healthcare to move from the traditional doctor's office to wherever the patient happens to be.

Remote healthcare is increasingly becoming important. People in the world are moving out of major cities to rural areas in record numbers. And a significant percentage of developing world populations has virtually no access to meaningful healthcare, largely because of poor infrastructure, especially lack of transportation.

2. Suuline tõlge reaalajas

The movement towards globalization needs to take into account basic human factors, such as differences in language. Todays speech innovations are already allowing travelers using PDAs to translate menus in Japanese and doctors to communicate with patients in Spanish. Real-time translation technologies will be embedded into mobile phones, handheld devices and cars. These services will pervade every part of society, eliminating the language barrier in our new smaller, faster-paced world.

3. 3-D Internet

The popular online immersive destinations, such as Second Life, will evolve into a 3-D Internet, much like the early work by AOL and Prodigy evolved into the World Wide Web. The 3-D Internet will enable new kinds of interactive education, remote medicine and consumer experiences, transforming how we interact with our friends and family, teachers, doctors and more.

Imagine being able to virtually walk the aisles of your favorite stores, interact with experts and even virtually try on clothes, all in the convenience of your own home. Or if you could recreate the blueprints of a room in your home and test out different appliances, cabinets styles, colors and more.

4. Nanotehnoloogilised keskkonnalahendused

With the ubiquity of IP-based technology today, it is possible to envision a technologically enabled "smart" water distribution system that helps manage the end-to-end distribution, from reservoirs to pumping stations to smart pipes to holding tanks to intelligent metering at the user site so consumption could be managed in a responsible way.

The current methods of desalinating water, reverse osmosis and distillation, are both expensive and high maintenance. IBM will research methods of filtering water at the molecular level, using carbon nanotubes or molecular configurations, which can potentially remove the salt and impurities with less energy and money per gallon.

Political instability, the high cost of fossil fuels and worries about global warming have increased interest in alternative energies. IBM is a leader in developing silicon technologies-the microprocessors that run the world's leading game machines. We believe technology developments in this area will help further advance solar power and make it more efficient.

5. Õppiv mobiiltehnoloogia

Presence" technology allows you to be found on the network, whether it's a computer network, mobile phone network or any other kind. Presence technology in its current form amounts to instant messaging applications. In five years, however, mobile devices will have the ability to continually learn about and adapt to your preferences and needs.

There are companies testing technology to allow mobile devices and networks to learn about users' whereabouts and preferences as they commute, work and travel. The system works with a variety of wireless networks including GSM, GPS, RFID and WiFi. It relies on sensors like GPS, processing software to filter information, an intuitive interface and it uses important events to adapt to the user's preferences.

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